The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) is defined as a multilateral pact or treaty to ensure the safety of endangered plants and animals. CITES is also known as the Washington Convention, the governments of many countries have obtained this international agreement so as not to endanger the survival of wild animals and plants. The cites international agreement has long been an international agreement on wildlife survival; Plants and animals. CITES does not replace national laws maintained by participating states, but contains legally binding provisions for participating states. Participation in the convention is not mandatory, states wishing to be part of the international trade agreement must be prepared to comply with the rules. There are four requirements to be a party in THE CITES they are; It is significant that CITES does not provide explicit sanctions for non-compliance by participating parties that ensure compliance with CITES rules. There are certain resolutions to deal with violations by the contracting parties. They are; CITES is one of the largest and oldest agreements for conservation and sustainable use. Participation is voluntary and countries that have agreed to be bound by the convention are called contracting parties. Although CITES is legally binding on contracting parties, it is not a substitute for national laws. On the contrary, it provides a framework respected by each party, which must adopt its own national legislation for the implementation of CITES at the national level.
Often, there is no national legislation (particularly in parties that have not ratified it) or sanctions with the seriousness of the crime and insufficient deterrence for wildlife traffickers.  In 2002, 50% of the contracting parties missed one or more of the four main requirements for one party: the designation of administrative and scientific authorities; laws prohibiting trade in violation of CITES; Sanctions for trade; Laws that provide for the seizure of designs.  CITES regulates and monitors trade in the form of a “negative list” so that trade in all species is permitted and unregulated, unless the species in question appears on the appendices or resembles one of these taxa. Then, and only then, trade is regulated or restricted. Given that the convention`s mandate covers millions of plant and animal species and that tens of thousands of these taxa are potentially of economic value, this negative list approach effectively requires CITES signatories to devote limited resources to a small number of selected species, so that many species should not be negotiated by force or verification. For example, several endangered birds have recently appeared in the legal trade in wild birds because the cites has never taken into account their status. If a “positive list” approach were adopted, only species assessed and approved for the positive list would be commercialized, reducing the verification burden for Member States and the secretariat and also avoiding unintended commercial threats to unknown species. PDF downloads of U.S. CITES implementation and reports every two years: U.S. CITES Implementation Report 2013-2015 U.S.
CITES Biennial Report 2011-2012 U.S. CITES Biennial Report 2009-2010 U.S.